A project of the SRITA Association

Bucegi Mountains

The Bucegi Mountains belong to the Eastern group of  the Southern Carpathians. It is bordered by the Prahova Valley to the East, by the Rucăr-Bran-pass and Ialomita River to the West, by Burzenland (Tara Barsei) to the North, and by the hills of Curvature Carpathians to the South.
The highest peak is Omu (2506 m). This is the basepoint of the mountain chains which has a horseshoe-shape in South direction. Major peaks of the Eastern range are Costila (2498 m), Caraiman (2384 m), Jepii Mici (2143 m), Jepii Mari (2071 m), Piatra Arsa (2075 m) and Furnica (2103 m). On the Western side: Doamnele (2401 m), Batrana (2189 m) and Tatarul (1998 m). Between the two ranges flows the Ialomiţa River, with it’s spring under the Omu Peak.
The base of Bucegi Mountains are crystalline schists. During the Mesozoic era the following sedimentary rocks were deposited: limestone (in the Jurassic), conglomerates (conglomerates of Bucegi),  sandstone containing muscovite. At the beginning of the Cretaceous was formed flysch (layers of Sinaia), with alternation of marls and sandstones. The mountains arose about 1000 m during the Carpathian Orogeny which started in Paleocene, at the end of Neogene and in early Quaternaryon.
In Bucegi Mountains grow protected plants such as edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum), Carpathian Kotschy’s alpenrose heaths (Rhododendron Kotschy), balkan daphne (Daphne blagayana),  garden angelica (Angelica archangelica), red vanilla orchid (Nigritella rubra), mountain avens (Dryas octopetala), Papaver pyrenaicum, common moonwort (Botrychium Lunaria), moss campion (Silene acaulis).
Among mammals can be found chamois, wolf, lynx, bear, wild boar, Carpathian deer; of the birds golden eagle, the bearded vulture, wood grouse, hazel grouse, common rock thrush, horned lark, water pipit, ring ouzel,  red crossbill, common swift; of the reptiles viviparous lizard, common European adder and meadow viper. In the mountain streams trouts live.