The European Robin (Erithacus rubecula) is a passerine bird in the family of Muscicapidae. About two-third of the global population lives in Europe, but it is widespread also in Asia and North-Africa. It is a sedentary species in Romania, we can see them throughout the year.
The body length is 14 cm, wingspan 20-22 cm, weight 14-21 grams. There is no sexual dimorphysm, both male and female have identical feathers. The back parts are brown, the neck and throat are red, the underparts are lighter. Lives in forests, in the dense vegetation, wetlands, near rivers, lakes, parks or gardens. The nest is built on trees, in cracks, between roots. The pairs nest two times per year. The female lays 5-7 eggs, the chicks hatch in two weeks. The male feeds her, and after the chicks hatch both of them feed them. The chicks leave the nest before they can fly and hide between the vegetation.
The European robin feeds on insects, worms, seeds. During winter robins can often be guests on the bird-feeder.
The European population is estimated to 43-83 million pairs, the Romanian population is estimated to 1.8-2.6 million pairs.