A project of the SRITA Association

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker

The Lesser spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos minor vagy Dryobates minor) is a bird in the order of Piciformes, family of Picidae. It is not migratory, we will see them throughout the year in Romania. It is widespread in Europe and Asia. It is a bird of forests, preferring deciduous forests, parks. The body length is 14-15 cms, wingspan 25-27 cms, weight 17-25 grams. Sexual dimorphism is present, the female and male look different. Both male and female have black and white colours, their backs and sides are striped. The male has a red cap, the female has a black one. Their beaks are short, both the beaks and legs are dark. The feathers from the tails are very hard, serving as a support when moving on the trunks. During the mating season the male drums loudly, sometimes even chirps. They build the nest together on the trunks of trees, they alternate on the nest and feed the chicks together. They feed on worms, caterpillars, aphids and nematodes. The European population is estimated to 450 thousand – 1 million 100 thousand nesting pairs. The number of those living in Romania is estimated to 6-8 thousand pairs, but the population is decreasing.