Reed Bunting (Emberiza schoeniclus) is a passerine bird in the family of buntings (Emberizidae). It is a widespread species, nesting from West Europa to the Kamchatka Peninsula. Lives in expanses of reeds, near lakes, marshes, wet fields.
The body length is 15-16 cms. During summer the males have black head and throat, with white neck collar and white underparts. The back is similar to a sparrow. The winter feathers of both male and female are similar, the black hat is less accentuated. The beak is conic. The nest is built by the female in marshes or on the ground between dense vegetation. The female lays 4-6 eggs, the chicks hatch in 14-15 days, in another 10 to 12 days they leave the nest. The reed bunting feeds on insects and seeds.
The global population is estimated to 29-130 million individuals, in Romania 580-745 thousand pairs nest. Although part of the population migrates from Romania, there are plenty others which winter in Romania from Northern Europe. From this reason we can see reed bunting throughout the year. The oldest ringed reed bunting was 11 years old at the time it was caught again.